Introduction to Microeconomics – 12 of 14 – Labor and Unions – Murray N Rothbard

INTRODUCTION TO MICROECONOMICS
Presented by Murray N. Rothbard in 1986 at New York Polytechnic University. Recorded by Hans-Hermann Hoppe.

12. Intro to Micro: Labor and Unions

In order for anyone to make ethical judgments, he must know the consequences of his various actions. In questions of union actions displacement or unemployment for oneself or others will be considered unfortunate by most people. Once understood, far fewer people will be pro-union or hostile to nonunion competitors. Unions lower the marginal productivity of all union workers.

Part 12 of 14. Presented in 1986 at New York Polytechnic University.

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History of Economic Thought – 2 of 6 – The Emergence of Communism – Murray N Rothbard

Murray Rothbard died before he could write the third volume of his famous History of Economic Thought, which would cover the birth and development of the Austrian School, through the Keynesian Revolution and Chicago School. With this six-lecture course, however, the History of Economic Thought is complete.

2. The Emergence of Communism

The roots of Marxism were in messianic communism. Marx’s devotion to communism was his crucial point. Violent, worldwide revolution, in Marx’s version made by the oppressed proletariat, would be the instrument of the advent of his millennium, communism.

All visions of communism include certain features. Private property is eliminated, individualism goes by the board, individuality is flattened, all property is owned and controlled communally, and the individual units of the new collective organism are in some vague way equal to one another.

Marx’s portrayal of raw communism is very like the monstrous regimes imposed by the coercive Anabaptists of the sixteenth century. Marx never explains how a system of total greed becomes transformed into total greedlessness. Marx’s poems reflected militant atheism. A hatred of God as creator greater than himself apparently inspired Marx.

The second in a series of six lectures on the History of Economic Thought.

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Intro to Austrian Economics – 1 of 4 – Scarcity and Choice

Austrian Economics: An Introduction, presented at New York Polytechnic University in 1972.

1. Scarcity and ChoiceEconomics begins with the concepts of scarcity and choice. If there was no scarcity it would all be free. Resources like time and materials need to be allocated to economically feasible uses. This will depend on the consumers’ demand for the final product.

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Intro to Austrian Economics – 2 of 4 – Supply and Demand

Austrian Economics: An Introduction, presented at New York Polytechnic University in 1972.

2. Supply and DemandIn this lecture in 1972, supply and demand concepts included: preferences of consumers, prices, quantity, quality, elasticity, equilibrium, marginal utility, present goods, and production processes.

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Intro to Austrian Economics – 3 of 4 – Advertising

Austrian Economics: An Introduction, presented at New York Polytechnic University in 1972.

3. AdvertisingAdvertising has always had bad press with economists, but consumers discover that a product either works and works well, or it doesn’t. Consumer wants are not artificially created by business itself. Advertising as a selling cost seemed evil. The free market benefits every participant. But intervention benefits one group at the expense of another. Political advertising – propaganda – gets a free pass.

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Intro to Austrian Economics – 4 of 4 – Price Controls

Austrian Economics: An Introduction, presented at New York Polytechnic University in 1972.

4. Price ControlsPrice controls – triangular interventions – occur when an intervener (generally government) either compels a pair of people to make an exchange or prohibits them from making an exchange. Although ludicrous, price controls are instituted because a product appears to be in short supply, e.g. oil – while price controls create artificial shortages of the product. The conservation movement ties in with the attack on comfort and consumption and humans in general.

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