American Economy and the End of Laissez-Faire – 9 of 13 – The Progressive Era

The American Economy and the End of Laissez-Faire: 1870 to World War II

9. The Progressive Era?
Lecture by Murray N. Rothbard

Progressive movement came in in 1900 to eliminate political parties. Technocrats and bureaucrats take over political power. Rural versus urban. Eliminate mayors, eliminate voting altogether, have appointed bureaucrats only. Nationalize public school system so costs could be socialized, like getting the public schools to teach Spanish. Children can all be part of a collective, without parental influence. Control shifted from ethnic working class small communities to upper-class WASPS.

Only synthetic drugs remained legal in medicine. Rockefeller Institute backed it. Homeopathy was outlawed. Hospitals overused fancy equipment and cared about just the doctors, not the patients.

The Progressive party was created by JP Morgan interests.

Lecture 9 of 13 presented in Fall of 1986 at the New York Polytechnic University.

This lecture as a Podcast: http://enemyofthestate.podomatic.com/

Sourced from: https://mises.org/library/american-economy-and-end-laissez-faire-1870-world-war-ii

Source: American Economy and the End of Laissez-Faire – 9 of 13 – The Progressive Era – YouTube

http://www.readrothbard.com/american-economy-and-the-end-of-laissez-faire-9-of-13-the-progressive-era

TRANSCRIPT

00:00
this is supposed to make everything much
00:01
more democratic but it really doesn’t
00:03
was a means of the neh smoke and voting
00:06
Democrat a Republican ticket all we have
00:07
to do is sign up as a Democrat I was
00:08
helping out from your actual actual
00:10
activist member so this means anybody
00:12
can get the nomination and means of
00:14
nomination is decided by public
00:17
relations by TV ads by money or whatever
00:19
it is you don’t have to meet the role of
00:21
a party as such the parties as a
00:23
mechanism for gathering collecting ideas
00:27
and principles that’s eliminated from
00:28
the party the political party is now
00:30
just a shell Democrats are Republican
00:32
party don’t mean anything as well
00:34
because of the cultural primary system
00:36
it’s all up for grabs and this is now
00:38
admitted by most political scientists
00:39
he’s a trouble thing they think it all
00:41
came in the 1960s it really started
00:44
coming in in 1900 with a progressive
00:45
whole primary concept and this was
00:49
deliberately done to destroy the role of
00:52
a political party as an ideological both
00:55
gathering movement in other words
00:56
there’s a group which means something
00:57
the idea to make the party’s meaning
00:59
less give her a leave a power vacuum for
01:02
technocrats and progressive so-called
01:05
non non partisan scientists this is all
01:10
accomplished and goes on very cleverly
01:12
and one of the things they try to do
01:13
most of the eliminate great war on the
01:15
city by this time the city is almost all
01:19
ethnic over the city is a mostly
01:21
liturgical mostly Irish an Italian and
01:24
polish etcetera and the rural area of a
01:26
mostly lost and getting them out of the
01:28
point was more more true and so the big
01:31
cities become a focus of attack by five
01:34
o’clock quietest
01:36
as being central per se the nest of evil
01:39
and sin the whole world worsens urban
01:42
thing really comes in about this time as
01:43
an attack on urban ethnic and one of the
01:48
things that’s come most important now
01:49
again for for wasp hiatus or the smashes
01:52
to loom have prohibition to eliminate
01:55
the saloon as a political and a
01:57
political power of ethnic I think
02:00
politics most ethnic most the Italian
02:05
Irish cetera Catholic people
02:10
neighborhood saloon
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the focus of politics and was most
02:15
mostly socializing it’s on us in the
02:17
saloon and the saloon keeper becomes a
02:20
major war to heal that comes the
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political power I’ll ask you to vote for
02:24
it
02:24
and so if you’re out law that you can
02:25
out you can smash I think fashio
02:29
surgical politics so prohibition gets
02:33
restored now as a big you know as a big
02:36
objective another thing to do is to try
02:38
to eliminate city voting altogether
02:41
eliminate the mayor and put in the
02:44
non-political court on called city
02:46
manager resolving so-called city manager
02:50
movement City Commission movement very
02:52
powerful took over most of the small
02:54
city united states it didn’t went out in
02:56
New York or Philadelphia Boston and most
02:58
of the smaller cities Dayton Ohio and
03:00
mostly both Galveston Texas and now have
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city managers the city manager got to
03:04
high style rate the mayor gets almost
03:05
most our mega twenty bucks a year or
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something the mayor that fires very
03:09
little power city managers in there
03:11
full-time there’s only bureaucracy and
03:12
there runs everything because only what
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most say to his own liking again this is
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the political power about a bureaucrat
03:20
by the technic crappy regret taking over
03:22
from the voters voters almost most
03:25
saying this anymore is he busy woman in
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gray indirect
03:29
another thing that happens is a
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nationalization of the public school
03:32
system the public schools and throw by
03:34
1900 were essentially first of all we’re
03:36
not compulsory outside the wing one the
03:38
yankee areas in the south no compulsory
03:41
attendance law was and second of all the
03:45
public school remember the idea of a
03:47
publishable is a Protestant ivy and of
03:48
Isis becomes then comes an even much
03:50
more now progressives if you can’t get
03:53
the cap like adults you can’t think
03:54
about the hopelessness even sin if we’re
03:56
get the kids Christian eyes or Catholics
03:59
are they cool you get the force the kids
04:01
know the public school system then
04:02
Protestant I them to the public schools
04:03
so the thing drive for public school
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expansion of public school system New
04:10
York on the south everyplace else
04:13
poster a public school of 10 minutes and
04:15
many most is an informal requirement a
04:18
most jurisdictions in order to be a
04:21
public school teaching how to be a
04:22
Protestant church member who’s not
04:24
official honest
04:25
but this was important in San Francisco
04:28
we had a constant fight with 50 years
04:30
between a Catholic from the Protestant
04:32
in Texas control the public school
04:35
system
04:36
kurwa city in general public school
04:38
particularly the in the public behind
04:42
the public school drive or the Ross
04:44
upper class and watch upper class
04:46
business people and watch many places
04:49
coincidental so another thing about the
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public school with you is you when you
04:56
for scamp like then do it and
04:57
Christianize them quote-unquote until
04:59
you use business people began to use the
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public schools as a device to socialize
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their cause this is an important tool in
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subsidies we have to realign one way in
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which the government subsidizes
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businesses by socializing the course of
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business in other words taking over some
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of the course loading onto the taxpayer
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for example in a time of slavery in the
05:18
South slavery would not have been
05:19
efficient we’re not have any economic
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case is that one of the problems with
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slavery is a place tend to run away you
05:25
have a problem Faison anyway you don’t
05:26
have a capital equipment thing machines
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don’t decide to run away plays ooh so in
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order to get the in order to minimize
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the course of enforcement the slave
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masters
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willed it onto the shoulders of the
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average white taxpayer in the south by
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having so-called slave patrols play the
05:44
cool grass every every southerner was
05:48
required to to join us play for over two
05:52
weeks out of a year or something place
05:53
the pros would patrol the highway the
05:55
roads of night and catch slave who’s on
05:57
our way it’s a futur like five people in
05:59
the patrol every black person had to
06:01
have a benefit entity core something
06:03
like South Africa
06:04
we never have an ID card in this case
06:06
from your master telling you where to go
06:08
allowing your going this particular look
06:10
if you didn’t have an ID copy of master
06:12
you’re immediately seized buddy
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if they didn’t know who your slave
06:15
master was played for cold people were
06:17
drafted well away okay but the way they
06:20
got their jollies was every once a while
06:21
I find a slave wouldn’t didn’t have an
06:23
ID card didn’t know the play math wasn’t
06:25
they would then own the slave they
06:27
assumed homestead ownership oversee some
06:29
was played at auction and get the
06:30
proceeds this is the way they got there
06:32
and then little parlor loot
06:34
so the same way if that’s the same way
06:37
that the played match was real
06:39
the low the sleigh patrol course on the
06:41
under the shoulders early the average
06:43
white person in the South the same way
06:46
public school systems socialize our
06:48
business course for example businessmen
06:52
began and want to send a lot of sales
06:53
number south south america they said one
06:55
of they get their businessmen to learn
06:56
spanish well how do they get the kids
06:58
along with daya learn spanish either
07:00
have a training installers of their own
07:01
course or else you get the public school
07:02
system of teaching Spanish what the hell
07:04
loads of course out of the taxpayer so
07:06
the national nami other business groups
07:09
began to agitate the public school to
07:11
teach Spanish so that then they can take
07:14
the guys already trained in Spanish
07:16
loading the court honor the taxpayers
07:18
announced to so with all listen and this
07:22
is if you have the education
07:22
professional education is
07:26
doing other so-called progressive we’re
07:29
talking about the new theory progressive
07:31
education every individual instead of
07:32
becoming individual because learn to be
07:34
part of a group part of a collective so
07:36
to speak and fits into the collective
07:38
and the support student very well it’s
07:41
new kind of progressive doctrine it’s
07:42
sitting on the collective whatever it is
07:44
government our business agency not
07:45
causing any trouble so whole you have a
07:49
whole municipal reform movement part of
07:52
a public school movement by the way in
07:54
the old days public school needs to be
07:55
decentralized the school board were
07:57
voted on by each neighborhood the
08:00
parents of each neighborhood they would
08:01
vote for the school boy in that
08:02
neighborhood this was this gentle way in
08:04
which most schools are operated this is
08:06
the sort of inefficient to democratic so
08:09
much it’s all the parents the theory of
08:12
progressive educators was only education
08:13
is don’t how to teach your kids parents
08:15
are nothing education is no everything
08:16
because they got a PhD in education
08:18
teachers collar so you have a total
08:22
graphs of power on the part of
08:23
educationist and part of the graph of
08:26
power that you minimize the voting
08:27
procedure for we have huge school or
08:31
covering the whole city and the school
08:34
board hopefully appointed by the
08:35
superintendent of schools or a point
08:38
about a mayor illumination parents role
08:42
altogether what was that whole idea
08:43
what’s a huge district the path wouldn’t
08:47
know who the who this administrators are
08:49
anyway
08:50
the mayor may have to like the mayor no
08:52
waiting around that beneath you have
08:53
everything then appointed by the mayor
08:54
the mayor appoints a superintendent
08:56
school board or what everything becomes
08:58
a cozy technocratic thing with a parent
09:00
having notice whose say in the matter
09:02
this is important what happens after
09:04
1900 progressively situation the
09:08
nineteen sixties is a slight movement
09:09
away from this so-called who left period
09:12
really New York was then we now have
09:14
regional school parent elections with a
09:16
Mendes after tremendous the blockage of
09:20
parents committed opposition by the
09:21
entrenched teachers unity battling this
09:24
is a totally but any right this is an
09:27
ideological drive and they were so forth
09:29
I knew from science right appear
09:30
education to grant control of the kids
09:33
on the part of the interprofessional
09:35
education is for in the upper class lock
09:38
pipes resolving both in citizen
09:40
beautifully also another thing about
09:43
urban reform is this is city manager you
09:46
make for that for 1900 he had the ward
09:52
district sample legislature in New York
09:53
City is a war so-called war of Aldermen
09:56
and you had very a lot of each small
09:59
labor havoc on woman yeah like four
10:01
hundred people who bore a wildermann
10:02
means everybody more or less knew their
10:04
older money you have a certain amount of
10:06
democratic
10:06
check on a situation you can pressure in
10:09
your all the mode where you know who he
10:11
was you put pressure on in order to take
10:13
power out of the hands of that’s makes
10:15
liturgical IRA shift onion pepper
10:17
ethnics and the name of so-called
10:20
efficiency the progressives then change
10:22
all that to make very big race small
10:25
city council but a foreigner people you
10:28
have 20 people you reduce that you run
10:31
them preferably at large for the whole
10:33
city so nobody knows principal nobody
10:35
knows any he represented them the second
10:37
of all it’s very costly to run on that
10:39
large election means to run for whole
10:41
New York or whole San Cisco for want of
10:43
money asking quite wealthy or how
10:44
wealthy backers to do it run from you
10:47
know he fááááá ridge for very little
10:49
along from the whole city course a lot
10:51
in this way they deliberately got rid of
10:54
most of the working-class poor poor
10:56
working-class and XX supporters reppin
10:58
administrators and shifter the control
11:00
of the city through a few upper-class
11:02
watch
11:03
apricots lost businessmen this is all
11:05
gone deliberately little as well as a
11:07
quote a few things that Weinstein has a
11:09
lot of that other other sources they’re
11:12
interested there’s all sorts of data on
11:14
this thing this was done in Pittsburgh
11:15
in the morning except early their data
11:17
about how originally say Pittsburgh had
11:19
a lot of working-class aldermen and they
11:22
shift the thing it wind up with a few
11:24
upper class the business then upper
11:26
class positions as the in the name again
11:30
of efficiency so this is done in
11:33
Rochester George Eastman does it sets up
11:36
a recent Kodak took up of your of this
11:38
will research they have so-called good
11:41
government businesslike efficiency it’s
11:44
all gone in order to get the shifting
11:46
political power from liturgical working
11:49
class with her jiggles and liturgical
11:50
machine to upper-class business lost
11:53
businessmen
11:54
it all fits the ethnic and the economic
11:58
oil spin in it’s very for example the
12:00
the dry for circle reform led by the
12:03
Civic club and a voter League which will
12:05
book upper-class wasp groups essentially
12:07
businessmen bankers corporate officials
12:09
and their wives and positions so in
12:11
general before the progressive reforms
12:13
cities would be centralized there were
12:15
considerations of local award there were
12:17
quite democratic there were local
12:20
working class representatives and
12:21
middle-class representatives and
12:23
Pittsburgh for example in 1910 before
12:25
the reform period the City Council the
12:28
system of about three hundred members is
12:31
so of which two-thirds were small
12:33
businessmen old workers in other words
12:35
pthread regal boy clerks laborers or
12:38
grocers and things like that after the
12:40
reform movement took over have almost
12:42
all the big businessmen professional
12:44
managers washed pipes the wall sort of
12:47
data on this the deal was that they have
12:50
a in City after City Pittsburgh and
12:52
Galveston and Dayton and cetera etc and
12:54
Pittsburgh they didn’t want many of
12:56
these cities didn’t want to have a city
12:57
men manager city manager reform was but
13:01
they did there’s a safety and the United
13:03
States janitor realized the cities are a
13:04
pure tool of State and constitutionally
13:07
stayed a total power of every city
13:09
within the state so in Pennsylvania for
13:12
example and Pittsburgh resisted the idea
13:13
this suggestion reform of Pennsylvania
13:15
legislature something ordered Pittsburgh
13:17
do it took over 40 seas Pittsburgh
13:19
kicked album there keep that a school
13:21
board putting their own people so for
13:23
example Pittsburgh got dominated by a
13:25
new the governor simply appointed kicked
13:27
out of City Council appointed a new city
13:29
council based on at large voting and of
13:32
the nine people in it they had six
13:34
upper-class businessmen and to
13:36
upper-class doctors and one kept Union
13:39
official and the school boy they
13:41
appointed state appointed in order to
13:43
change this whole school board thing
13:44
again had ten big businessmen one upper
13:48
class doctor and one kept Union official
13:51
so totally different from the way have
13:53
been elected before that now one of the
13:55
one of the ways in which they did this
13:57
one of the areas of agitation so for
14:01
corruption the form versus corruption so
14:04
one thing we have to realize is the most
14:06
this is really an ideological
14:08
ideological attack on the big business
14:11
and the big city machines corrupt
14:13
unquote actually they’re no more cops
14:15
and others are just more visible I mean
14:19
for example if some small-time upstate
14:21
New York is corrupt its reefs more New
14:23
York City is property we’ve seen
14:25
recently it’s hugely hundreds hundreds
14:27
of millions of dollars gets siphoned law
14:29
so big city corruption is move visible
14:32
and it will so it’s more it’s a little
14:36
bit another sexy the guys aren’t doing
14:38
anything if you have a reform group you
14:41
give a business a contract above course
14:44
it’s less visible and say somebody like
14:46
London our just taking money out of the
14:48
till
14:48
more ravishing women it’s more visible
14:52
so to speak it’s less it’s less smooth
14:55
and it that way
14:56
so we have then as the use of other
14:58
reformers of the corruption charge much
15:01
of which is I think ill Wow misfiring
15:04
example in the or and if this is a big
15:09
business machines in the nineteen
15:10
hundreds of so instead of having a big
15:12
welfare system a lot of Corp you had
15:13
more poor people in you have now
15:15
proportionately didn’t have any welfare
15:16
state but you had was how many whole
15:19
let’s say what he’s leaving New York
15:21
Manhattan Democratic Party in this
15:24
Tammany Hall the way they would they
15:26
would take care of the poor as it has
15:28
like a private welfare mechanism by
15:29
approval party
15:30
structure in other words the they give
15:32
away free turkeys at Christmas and it’s
15:34
nice giving you have big you know pick
15:36
turkey dinners for the poor handled by
15:38
the Democratic Party local Democratic
15:40
Party kind of lovable now this is so you
15:42
have a sort of private welfare stay
15:44
organized those Democratic brothers
15:45
Democratic Party this way of course they
15:48
by the vote in other words the people
15:49
would be grateful that the local
15:50
Democratic Party and both democratic and
15:52
the sense there’s nothing much wrong
15:53
with that it’s sort of like the tit for
15:55
tat situation where they fix they fix
15:59
traffic tickets I was growing up for
16:01
example the local donor kind of
16:03
clubhouse person with 6th Ave peg and
16:05
also six URIs service didn’t want to
16:08
jury someone he Hannity a local
16:09
Democratic leader and he would think
16:11
take care unquote security summer this
16:14
is I suppose corruption it’s also a hub
16:16
for corruption hopefuls of the public
16:17
it’s getting the public affair neck and
16:20
also alleviating poverty many extent out
16:22
of essentially non-governmental release
16:24
it’s not fun when taxpayer funding
16:26
general I get home from government
16:29
office so it’s kind of a rakish kind of
16:31
corruption which is not not really is it
16:33
not really is unfortunate I think as non
16:36
corrupted government to the speak it was
16:39
there’s worse things in the world of
16:40
corruption one of them is incorruptible
16:41
government and tell me this country’s
16:44
now for example the only way they can
16:45
operate it always by having huge amount
16:46
of corruption by bribery and so forth
16:48
they didn’t have any driver I hope the
16:50
whole country will fall apart I wouldn’t
16:51
be able to do some anything so it’s a
16:54
question of which you which you choose
16:55
another thing they did was as a result
16:58
of the reform government that has he bit
17:01
much bigger government pool of taxes to
17:03
have municipal garbage disposal musical
17:05
construction who sewers the bridges
17:08
contracts for businessmen and they’re
17:12
much more money to play around with
17:13
welfare departments playground all these
17:17
things not come in the so called non
17:18
corrupt
17:19
reform government there was when
17:21
government has got to be much bigger
17:22
government than non reform I just give
17:26
you one quote before the break HL
17:28
Mencken my favorite writer had a
17:30
german-american growing up in Baltimore
17:32
a great story in his autobiography of
17:35
his energy until reform he said was set
17:38
by and when his father was a small servo
17:41
manufacturing
17:42
I had an experience with corruption and
17:43
corruption and court reform unquote he
17:48
said his father had pedis had a cigar
17:50
factory in Baltimore he hung out a sign
17:52
anything you need five outside of
17:55
factory saying August making him
17:56
brothers he called in his corrupt city
17:58
councilman so call for up city galleries
18:00
at look here’s 20 bucks the 20 bucks you
18:03
keep the governor offline next forever
18:04
in other words the agreement was the pay
18:06
the city has 120 bucks and the crime for
18:08
which he takes care of all easements the
18:11
license require a little restless crap
18:13
as making so this is a full settlement
18:15
forevermore of all president privilege
18:18
fiends Oh permanent privilege fees
18:20
easement taxes and other such costs and
18:22
impost s– the city councilman pocketed
18:24
the money and return was supposed to
18:26
stave off any cops building inspectors
18:28
are other functionaries plan anything
18:30
awful interest in the matter or try to
18:32
horn in for private profit being an
18:34
honorable man according to his lights he
18:37
Utley the city councilman kept his
18:38
bargain and the science clapping
18:40
squeaking the breeze for ten years
18:41
oh it’s 1885 1895 making the company is
18:46
free of all all government fees there’s
18:48
a city councilman pocket of 20 bucks and
18:50
kept the government office off his neck
18:51
then he says in 1895 a reform wave
18:55
struck Baltimore and their former came
18:58
in the City Council was kicked out and
19:00
quote the idealist of the City Hall cent
19:03
worth a license to maintain this time of
19:05
course sixty-two dollars and
19:06
seventy-five cents a year and with you
19:08
paid 20 bucks for ten years does he not
19:12
course if he threw 75 a year this was
19:15
proof to Mike the sign came down the
19:17
next day this was proof of my father
19:19
reform of mainly only the kaspersky a
19:21
prehensile charlatan with the both the
19:23
taxpayers and Meghan says that and he
19:28
believed a political corruption was
19:29
inevitable a democracy and was even
19:30
argue about his own experience that had
19:32
its uses so anyway this is Megan’s view
19:36
therefore movement he was right in the
19:38
urban reform front is the Paseo system
19:43
the city’s wasps are on a man minority
19:45
after all and with her jiggles and
19:47
working classroom majority the way in
19:49
which the reformer is that you all it
19:50
was also McCoy’s upper class
19:53
the way they can win out from time to
19:55
time
19:56
while using moral arguments by saying
19:58
that the fixity machine to corrupt their
20:01
boss ridden sure that fucking boss
20:03
member the things worse than boss
20:05
wouldn’t corruption they only reformers
20:06
and alleged efficiency which really wind
20:09
up a tremendous tremendously increased
20:13
raised on a taxpayer plus support biases
20:17
elimination are wiping out of a group
20:19
renewal activity by gambling
20:21
prostitution etc so one of the things
20:24
which performers you love that moral
20:26
argument is attacking organized
20:27
so-called organized crime has been
20:29
there’s a very interesting article in
20:31
journal American history I recommend in
20:34
December 1970 called urban crime and
20:36
criminal justice the Chicago case which
20:38
really deals will have the whole class
20:40
class struggle around organized crime
20:43
will the Reformers using the of course
20:45
the argument of the best thing that’s
20:47
big for Luther and Lee will organized
20:50
crime and using this as an argument to
20:53
take big corporate this control over the
20:55
city this is trans after exam on the
20:58
legal profession a corporate lawyer is a
21:01
big class struggle with being a
21:02
corporate lawyers and criminal lawyers
21:06
the corporate lawyers of course the
21:09
elite in the law legal profession they
21:10
make a lot more money then we’ll speed
21:13
war firm the criminal aware tended be
21:16
less polished their their raffish types
21:19
off in the book one and they’re and
21:23
they’re they’re less than there are less
21:25
and what’s small but seven their
21:26
attackers being so we really ever
21:28
organized crime for it everybody find a
21:30
little lawyer if somebody has a criminal
21:32
up for indictment he’s going to turn to
21:35
some lawyer other and and and criminal
21:38
Lloyd’s therefore often tour with a
21:39
brush of being crazy our criminal
21:40
themselves you can fear since
21:42
everybody’s entitled of some lawyer and
21:44
so but there there’s a as a matter of
21:46
fact there’s now a drive-on by the legal
21:49
professional limit the fees the criminal
21:51
lawyers get to or cap of course they’re
21:55
not they’re not putting any cap on
21:57
corporate lawyers so it’s all the whole
21:59
part of this class struggle so to speak
22:01
as we lost business corporate pipes and
22:03
and more raffish
22:05
ethnic types remember at one point about
22:07
20 years ago bigoted pukes burger the
22:09
distinguished criminal lawyer in New
22:11
York
22:12
Lancers state court of appeal this is
22:13
the highest New York State judicial arm
22:15
and it’s bitterly attacked by the entire
22:18
corporal profession very obsessive it he
22:20
the criminal lawyer he has no
22:21
businessman I mean the Court of Appeals
22:23
he was always be corporate Wall Street
22:25
lawyer or nothing there’s no divine
22:26
commandment has to be a corporate lawyer
22:28
but there’s a big big fight against them
22:30
one of the one of the ways in which the
22:32
watch performers have their to use their
22:35
moral allies as a medium for the media
22:37
usually a fourth watch control and so we
22:40
can have that in the cities New York
22:42
Chicago at set or whatever they’re
22:46
formers are pushed by the New York Times
22:47
let’s say which is not war this is a
22:50
simple form or aspect and so you have
22:52
then prestige a respectable newspaper
22:56
behind the Reformers in New York for
22:59
example which is reportage be a
23:00
Democratic Party City was run by a
23:03
reformed fusion ticket for bat over in
23:05
1930s Mae LaGuardia was like like if our
23:08
Republican fusion
23:10
government using party and coming in on
23:15
the wave of the full reform to get or
23:18
get even getting more more ethnic here
23:20
is interesting of the italian-american
23:22
for example a brave we’ve been three
23:25
people to make it politically it so very
23:26
very recently forthwith with como before
23:29
that in New York State the only Italian
23:32
Americans who succeeded to everywhere
23:34
were Protestant Italian that’s a great
23:36
it’s very small percentage of the
23:38
italian-american population of
23:39
Protestant you can imagine to be one
23:40
percent some half meat leads the the
23:44
Italian Americans and politics have made
23:46
it politically until very recently
23:47
repolish of LaGuardia and procore on
23:53
people like that who are really hopeful
23:54
Tonya props there for coming very small
23:56
percentage of Italian population not
23:57
really in with basic Italian Americans
24:01
so of course we’re Catholic so again
24:05
this is all part of a walk versus
24:06
Catholic and high Lutheran struggle and
24:11
again Anna taxes big city machines were
24:13
basically Irish I said after 1900 hours
24:16
are where the parson wasps were kicked
24:18
so you have basically a old Calvinist
24:21
want basically had an City machine we’re
24:24
Irish
24:24
and throw on a pack on the big city boys
24:26
Becky was an anti RH or anti-catholic
24:28
assault in the name of so-called reform
24:31
so what you have then as the the former
24:35
great will have captured a high moral
24:36
ground is very very few people can take
24:38
a sophisticated argument in favor of
24:40
corruption the argument it basically is
24:41
an incan argument it’s better to be
24:43
corrupt and having an efficient high tax
24:45
government it’s pretty difficult to make
24:47
that argument and and basically so the
24:49
reformers gonna have the to use a media
24:51
the press etcetera making a taking a
24:53
high moral tone and attacking everybody
24:56
else with being in war especially their
24:58
view also along with this comes up
25:01
upper-class wasp moral wall theorists so
25:07
to speak
25:07
upper-class females who start running
25:10
and Iran run 1900 the social Social Work
25:13
movement social worker settlement house
25:16
movement Jane Addams people like that
25:18
who were whole bunch of a wasp reformer
25:22
Jane Addams Chicago set low in New York
25:26
hold by Jacob Riis Gigan leap housing
25:29
all these people were upper-class wasp
25:32
millionaires and change an answer the
25:35
door or upper-class walking they’re
25:36
coming in to help them uplift the poor
25:39
those are they uplift where he were you
25:42
are upper class females let’s say coming
25:45
in uplifting a Lower East Side how do
25:48
you uplift for pushing hand out food and
25:50
so forth basically the uplift local
25:53
using compulsion forcing kicking out
25:56
getting rid of sweatshop employer that’s
25:58
really my getting rid of employers
26:00
getting rid of conditions they didn’t
26:02
like any word of prostitution
26:03
Oh saloons being prohibition comes in
26:06
beautifully the onliest people were
26:07
probably enough and prohibition was part
26:10
of the idea of uplifting employee up
26:11
with with poor by by stamping out
26:13
immoral conditions Morgana’s mint
26:16
liqueur the saloon prostitution
26:18
pornography or whatever so all this is
26:21
part of them the world for movement
26:22
partly are the the recive seizure of
26:25
power on a local level
26:26
another way to do this this is known as
26:29
ever been in periodical misses something
26:31
which is very little
26:32
brief I know only one book that really
26:34
mentioned this at any length Newton
26:37
Kotler will be cold neighborhood
26:38
government one of the ways in which the
26:40
cities grew in this period is by seizing
26:42
power over the other areas in other word
26:44
much of the urban political growth urban
26:48
population growth from 1900 1910 was not
26:51
closin you know by people being born on
26:54
people migrating was was the sense of
26:56
seizing control over by expanding or
26:58
city geography in other words originally
27:01
a 1900 New York City with Manhattan and
27:04
Brooklyn was its own City actually
27:06
Brooklyn was a combination a whole bunch
27:08
of different cities five Bush New Dorp
27:10
holy hers and city Brooklyn was the
27:13
fourth largest for the United States and
27:14
1900 it was seen by New York Manhattan
27:18
conquering a conquer the Bronx by that
27:20
time and seasons assess compulsorily
27:22
seizure Brooklyn is not want to be
27:24
amalgamated in New York New York Mike
27:26
the New York State Legislature you know
27:27
if they ladies are for supplemental in
27:29
the words the state legislature remember
27:30
is all powerful and so this habit of
27:33
Philadelphia having a Pittsburgh where
27:35
the cities would just simply incorporate
27:36
areas other cities around it so lucky
27:38
and quote crushed Germantown sees
27:40
Germantown by using a Pennsylvania
27:42
legislature in other words these cities
27:44
but whether or not want to be
27:45
incorporated in New York
27:46
Germantown and not want to be
27:48
incorporated into Philadelphia
27:49
it’s simply they use the state
27:51
legislatures to force these other cities
27:53
into it we ever been imperialism over
27:56
its neighbors I think then what sac is a
27:58
pretty good term here by urban and so
28:02
one of what was the accomplishment here
28:03
what they did is you bring in more tax
28:05
revenue in other words many of these
28:07
areas for example in Pittsburgh which
28:10
grabs a whole bunch of geography
28:13
neighboring cities there’s more these
28:18
are these city these bound pounds for
28:20
example let’s take Pittsburgh was built
28:22
around originally bill around the
28:23
railroad terminus in other words before
28:26
the river for of automobiles came in and
28:29
trucks came in the city was a you had a
28:31
railroad town rollin city who built
28:32
around here factories and people living
28:34
there at cetera so the dance hands are
28:37
heavily indebted and with railroad bonds
28:39
so for the subsidized railroad the
28:42
paying heavy taxes on these bonds if you
28:44
grab
28:44
a whole bunch of other cities around
28:45
them incorporated into Pittsburgh and
28:47
tax these guys to pay for the railroad
28:49
long
28:51
she wouldn’t happen other words he used
28:52
this downtown interest that’s how
28:55
business Ventura cutting up in
28:56
inner-city seized power in the suburbs
29:00
bring them into the city and then
29:01
taxable that’s the basically the point
29:03
assess these buildings at a higher rates
29:06
of one so on so an effective New Yorker
29:08
the same thing that Brooklyn on a bond
29:10
and a box which was really part of
29:11
Westchester this happened a lot between
29:14
1900 1910 both of urban imperialism it
29:17
and next neighboring towns neighboring
29:20
cities bring them into the tax base is
29:22
now there has been for many years now a
29:24
couple Metro movement the idea is to
29:26
grab Westchester like saying grab parks
29:28
of Nassau Forsman New York City impacts
29:30
them it’s really just a tax gimmick
29:33
bring these poor guys in them into a
29:35
higher tax bracket and get get downtown
29:37
New York for the subsidies so anyway
29:40
this process happened during the
29:42
nineteenth century but in this
29:43
progressive period of reaches its peak
29:44
so they deliberately presidental
29:47
Pittsburgh liberally taxed the other
29:48
Ward much more heavily than the bad
29:50
pound Ward’s much higher assessment for
29:53
a dollar property on the outlying wards
29:56
that they were kind of taken taking over
29:58
in Pittsburgh for example in 1912
30:01
actually compulsory seizure of Allegheny
30:04
other towns cooperating to Pittsburgh
30:07
the the old rate well one case both
30:12
proven which is a new town incorporated
30:14
the Pittsburgh was paying ninety times
30:16
the property assessment property tax and
30:18
the old third war the old downtown third
30:20
what that’s of course very unusual use
30:22
me not that big a range but basically if
30:24
I happen to take the new Ward detect the
30:27
more heavily on the old one and then why
30:28
subsidized with downtown heavily
30:31
debt-ridden downtown area Brooklyn was
30:33
then next in 1898 by the New York City
30:37
collaboration in New York State
30:38
Legislature so for example Pittsburgh
30:41
grew from 1900 1910 flew from a
30:45
population of 320,000 of five of them
30:49
30,000 largely by incorporating other
30:51
areas not by real growth doesn’t mean a
30:53
really grew
30:54
sense of growth per mile something by
30:57
taking in incorporating other region
30:59
into Pittsburgh and and as this happens
31:02
the city’s got larger and larger method
31:03
the city of a city council we’ve got
31:06
smaller I remember there being voted on
31:07
at large and school board got smaller
31:09
than that laws immense of the
31:11
Representatives per pushing less and
31:13
less and where the city’s got larger the
31:16
city of Council have that smaller a
31:17
number and larger and representing more
31:20
people you won’t have a mustn’t less
31:21
democratic voting less and less fewer
31:24
and fewer government officials per
31:26
person and the City Council for example
31:28
in the Columbus Ohio for example had in
31:36
1830s at one city council member for
31:38
every hundred people we had 2,000 people
31:41
in 20 city councilmen so that’s and
31:44
that’s the situation everybody knew
31:45
there obviously knew their city council
31:47
minute well rise hurt overlooked Jimmy
31:50
is goofing up get them to changes about
31:53
pay him a visit by the night by the
31:55
current period Columbus Ohio has a five
31:58
minutes thousand people said of 25 said
32:02
of two thousand and has nine city
32:05
councilmen so you have you have one in
32:09
one city councilman for every 50,000
32:13
people it’s better for every 20 feet
32:17
hundred they obviously have much smaller
32:19
representation per person than you had
32:22
before
32:22
anyway in the get back to the social
32:25
Social Work movement which becomes a
32:27
professional a political movement in
32:28
1900 1900 Jane Addams the daughter of
32:33
one of the richest men in the in
32:34
Illinois Mary Kingsley same way a whole
32:38
bunch of them Lillian wall and Henry
32:39
Street Settlement and again bringing in
32:45
professional associate war trying to
32:47
stamp out alleged immorality and making
32:51
social work from up from a charitable
32:52
thing into a professional huntable
32:53
profession people living off of and most
32:58
of the nudie many of the New Deal
33:00
officials 1930s came out of this
33:02
originalist of the Social Work movement
33:03
most of the women most of the women in
33:06
the dealers example
33:07
originally upper-class social workers in
33:10
this whole house settlement house
33:12
movement I don’t know what Roosevelt was
33:14
there came out of that and Francis
33:15
Perkins Secretary of Labor and a whole
33:18
bunch of others a part of the the the
33:21
public school reform movement was to
33:23
also run the whole kid the cry will take
33:27
the school’s out of politics know would
33:29
make it don’t have people voting from
33:31
school board have an appointed by the
33:33
mayor a professional education is do it
33:36
as one one historian said the reformers
33:40
battled crawl I take the school out of
33:42
politics not only meant take the
33:44
school’s out of the hands of Tammany
33:45
Hall but also out of the hands the Roman
33:46
Catholic Church and the word the idea
33:47
was you make it into a Protestant izing
33:50
device taken out of the hands rewarded
33:53
in their hands of the technocratic
33:55
educationists and also the idea is you
33:58
run the whole kid that in other words
33:59
the education of the idea the whole kid
34:01
should be molded by the professional
34:03
educators and Moulins of the system more
34:07
than how to conform and so for and so on
34:09
which is let’s see what they did also
34:12
from this came the idea of reducing the
34:13
idea of reducing content of the schools
34:15
and making into a sort of level so the
34:17
general socializing the life l word
34:20
Cubberley
34:20
it was a major destroying image of
34:23
education a big educationist
34:24
big progressive educator summed it all
34:27
up and I think sixteen come up the the
34:29
idea of school reform and he said one of
34:32
the important results of the change from
34:34
Ward representation to election from the
34:36
city at large is that the inevitable
34:38
representatives from these poor Wars is
34:40
eliminated presentation is eliminated
34:42
and the board comes to partake of the
34:44
best characteristics of the city as a
34:45
whole and maybe put the upper class of a
34:47
class biases what he called the better
34:51
elements who was and who he said are the
34:53
better element so now I’m making up a
34:55
school board quote men who are
34:56
successful in their handling of large
34:58
business undertakings manufacturers
35:00
merchant bankers contractors and
35:02
professional men of large practice means
35:04
worth doctors would perhaps come first
35:06
this is an open and open and a
35:08
recognition of the whole idea of the
35:10
school reforms to take over Caesar
35:12
control the schools from the hands of
35:14
the I think people’s representatives to
35:16
the technocrats and big businessmen and
35:18
also I think these new immigrants mostly
35:20
like and homogenized them in of humming
35:22
good Protestants as far as possible was
35:27
okay prohibition was a great example a
35:30
moral example of the the combination of
35:34
a moral uplift pseudoscience pseudo very
35:37
science technology and smashing the
35:40
ethnic politics with purgable politics
35:43
all these guys combined in a drive of
35:46
prohibition which only four gets here in
35:48
World War one but was rather dropped
35:51
during the progressive period the
35:56
businessmen big business big business
35:58
not attacked the idea of liquor as quote
36:01
a an enemy of efficiency in other words
36:04
the workers the work as a lab a drink
36:05
they get drunk and then they absenteeism
36:08
goes up I suppose it might so therefore
36:10
you think if we prevent the workers from
36:12
getting drunk by eliminating alcohol
36:14
will outline alcohol you notice for
36:16
example in the Disney World the
36:18
beautiful example the best men worth of
36:20
lost capitalism does anymore if you ever
36:23
been a Disney welcome magnificently Ron
36:24
beautiful on tap that means everything
36:26
is private for the sewers are private
36:28
the streets of private everything works
36:30
beautifully the bathrooms are spic and
36:33
span is gold great however you can’t get
36:35
any liquor their liquor Oh wonder around
36:38
Disney World for it forever you get
36:40
non-alcoholic punch because liquor of
36:43
course it means focused all these people
36:44
school have a scientist view somehow
36:46
liquor if you have liquor at all should
36:48
only be for the wealth of the wealthy of
36:50
the masses and be allowed to drink and
36:53
so you can if you can you can drink
36:54
liquor by checking in a Disney World
36:56
Hotel there they you have a cocktail
36:58
alliance which does have liquor but the
37:00
master that means the rest of us are
37:01
wandering around the streets there can’t
37:03
get any liquor it’s great except for
37:04
that a real blight george pullman had
37:08
his own private the founder of Pullman
37:11
cars for the progressive businessman he
37:15
had he had his own City Pullman Illinois
37:19
now part of Chicago for the worker the
37:22
idea of the workers lives there rent
37:23
houses of his workers of liver would
37:26
live in Pullman Illinois rent houses
37:27
meant his houses and they they it was
37:31
supposed to be very well-planned city
37:32
for a privately
37:33
city for her for his workers
37:34
unfortunately what happened was the
37:37
engagement prize of moral domination
37:39
these people in other words to be
37:40
Gestapo type checks raised on every home
37:43
and make sure everybody walking around
37:44
and yet with jackets the men always wear
37:47
jackets at all times not being shirt
37:48
sleeves so prevent shirt sleeve firstly
37:51
to be raised on the porches on your bus
37:54
another home make sure everybody’s got
37:55
jackets on of course there’s no liquor
37:58
available no pornography of course and
38:00
no liquor is available on all Pullman
38:01
annoys the masses began to get restless
38:03
and edgy as a result and sneak across
38:06
the border go free whatever the names
38:08
the caterer Illinois to get liquor and
38:11
all the other simple delights of big
38:12
city and the famous strike and Pullman
38:15
of the Pullman railroad workers in 1890s
38:17
basically a result of us in living
38:19
conditions getting more and more edgy
38:21
and restore some of the moral domination
38:23
that there was creepy
38:24
we’ve gotta shape up look when I shaped
38:26
them up so he had then the moral out you
38:31
have the efficiency argument the worker
38:33
shouldn’t be allowed to drink as
38:34
otherwise they get that they have
38:36
absenteeism the moral argument that
38:39
liquor is sinful and the example Walter
38:46
Rauschenbusch the thing with social
38:47
gospel are the head of the social gospel
38:49
movement said quote the liquor industry
38:51
is 1912 or a book called Christianizing
38:54
a social order
38:55
very interesting title personally those
38:57
who order he said quote let your
38:58
industry isn’t a seeking of fashion on
39:00
an angry people a relic of barbarism
39:03
must be a weekend conscious from the
39:05
scientific into like in the world or
39:06
combining that combining to it condemn
39:08
the awakened moral consciousness I guess
39:11
like our unscientific into life why
39:13
should the scientific and like as liquor
39:14
is unscientific liquor least absenteeism
39:16
least those liver in trouble well yeah
39:19
lots of argument against liquor
39:21
it makes my mine nowadays are the return
39:24
of prohibition son in them you drink of
39:26
liquor it has to have where a car
39:28
accident okay
39:29
so therefore ban liquor of people
39:31
believing the conclusion so there’s all
39:34
you had a mighty prohibitionist movement
39:36
on religious grounds and our so-called
39:39
scientific ground now the scientist we
39:41
usually also watch biases
39:43
the one hat with wasp I oppose another
39:45
hand they were value free signed to
39:47
sandwich it out will liquor but the
39:48
liquor will leave more accidents and
39:50
liver trouble and God knows what now
39:55
particularly this of course with a salt
39:57
on German Lutheran account and calf like
40:00
beer drinking and and fantastic clash
40:05
over beer the Germans love beer and beer
40:09
with were part of alcoholic beverages
40:11
fantastic clash over that Reverend
40:14
Josiah strong social gospel are
40:16
prominent social gospel person seven
40:18
1909 that high wages are bad because
40:22
they you buy drink with I’m an acquire
40:24
the liquor habit before that workers had
40:26
evolved the more refined tastes of a
40:27
higher civilization in other words work
40:31
around ready for high wages yet because
40:32
of the drink maybe you have more refined
40:35
taste eventually I know what they’d be
40:36
doing replied say thank you faith school
40:40
mullet equity called personal liberty
40:42
1914 he said quote the fascinating court
40:45
he said personal liberty is at last not
40:48
for many years the progressivism
40:50
personal buddies at last uncrowned be
40:52
thrown king with no one to do him
40:54
reverence we are no longer frightened by
40:56
that ancient bogey paternalism and
40:58
government which report they with Virgil
41:00
ISM in attacking for decade we affirm
41:02
boldly it of the business of government
41:04
to be just that fraternal nothing human
41:07
can be foreign to a true government run
41:10
everything regularly everything proven
41:13
everybody’s life the scientific argument
41:18
which went along with the so-called
41:19
scientific arguments of liquor for
41:21
prohibition is of course it says the
41:24
uplift and the poor now being a story
41:26
about liquor we she’s never therefore
41:28
outlawed it has had two effects if
41:30
people drink too much they have liver a
41:32
trouble whatever in the and since the
41:36
court of the new so-called scientists
41:38
people determined by their environment
41:40
if we have to change the environment how
41:42
do you change it barmy eliminate liquor
41:43
it was that good part of people include
41:45
environment the ability to buy liquor
41:48
so all these pseudo scientific arguments
41:51
are being cooling them to kind of being
41:52
here plus
41:55
rest of sociologists and social
41:56
scientist like Edward a Ross one of my
41:58
least favorite people he is a disciple
42:00
of Commons annuity everyone all the were
42:03
lost method of sociology in Brittany
42:05
Wisconsin a little big racist we have to
42:10
realize a scientific allegedly
42:11
scientific racism that comes in unit
42:13
progress as part of the progressive
42:14
movement only Wisconsin people how to
42:19
believe of non anglo-saxons were
42:22
inferior races look for us including at
42:24
onion pose Irish etcetera who are past
42:28
like stability so all types of fit in
42:32
other races they’re inferior it should
42:35
be kept out of and should be quick not a
42:37
lot of emigrate the United States as
42:38
part of immigration restriction movement
42:39
was also an attack on liturgical zhh now
42:43
becomes that’s a scientific patina is
42:44
being determined by biology by social
42:47
Darwinist social dollar biology the
42:50
biology is now brought in as an
42:51
allegedly scientific reason to have him
42:53
to eliminate immigration of Catholic and
42:55
huge later and so forth those countries
42:58
the Ross is one of the leading figures
43:02
in this there’s more than advocating
43:04
state control one with everything
43:06
the economic argument that says it’s
43:09
necessary for workers to be sober if you
43:11
allow them and drink on how they’ll be
43:12
absolutely absent more and another thing
43:16
is that the the drive of prohibition
43:18
came about because the railroad are
43:20
getting to be liable liability laws were
43:22
coming in with railroads were liable for
43:24
for accident fight you know caused by
43:27
their engineers or Pharma or whatever so
43:28
if you switch ammonia which has long
43:30
squeaking of an accident
43:32
the railroads became liable the
43:33
railroads now wanted to start a past
43:36
making rules of their of their engineers
43:38
or whatever can drink even off-duty look
43:40
like pilots now can’t drink I think
43:42
twelve hours before they fly something
43:44
that sort of thing they start to the
43:46
railroads the innocent force temperance
43:49
on their own employees and then of
43:50
course they say well look Woolworth we
43:52
have temporary voluntarily look let’s
43:54
give the government to pass compulsory
43:55
temperance raw competitors so therefore
43:59
they start agitating for a for
44:02
prohibition another group in favor of
44:05
prohibition my kid you not was the
44:07
coca-cola
44:08
coca-cola when those days had a big
44:12
competitor alcohol had some cocaine in
44:14
it that by the way was the the origin of
44:17
work coke off of them coca leaf a little
44:20
bit of cocaine in it which apparently
44:22
gave you a certain kick it’s now it
44:25
disappeared long since from the for me a
44:27
lot so Kobe the cover whole of big
44:29
competitors to liquor coca-cola was one
44:32
of main agitators for prohibition the
44:33
out lawyer competitor he wants to turn
44:35
the coke forget getting the missing kick
44:39
another big lobbyists a favorite
44:42
prohibition with lotions grape juice
44:44
which of course came in and communion
44:46
when the wine was outlawed the they turn
44:49
the Welch’s grape tree by white grape
44:50
juice most Protestant churches already
44:54
had workers grape juice is Lee communion
44:56
drink so well pictures of the big
44:59
competitive the wine they were lobbying
45:01
for prohibition to business prominent
45:04
business lobbyists for prohibition
45:05
eliminate their competition
45:09
the Catholics of course and Lutheran’s
45:14
are heavily Against Prohibition a
45:15
Catholic businessmen like du Pont’s who
45:17
are leading the fight against
45:18
prohibition and still and work during
45:20
the 1930s the unions were sort of split
45:24
they didn’t elected their most unions or
45:26
wasp unions were favor of prohibition
45:28
socialist unions Knights of Labor
45:30
originally the railroad Brotherhood’s my
45:32
favorite prohibition the other hand of
45:34
course the brewery workers were also
45:36
unionized and they were of course
45:38
against total conviction means their
45:39
livelihood to be thinking away from them
45:41
the story and brewery workers so the AF
45:43
of L was sort of split they didn’t take
45:45
an official position on it because they
45:47
have brewery workers but they but most
45:48
mostly most of the Socialists and late
45:50
and labor union people in favor of
45:52
prohibition
45:54
attack the liquor industry they took the
45:57
usual leftist line of somehow
45:59
businessmen were creating demand so
46:01
people people wanted liquor it wasn’t
46:03
what is there for us because it evil
46:05
businessmen were supplying them with
46:06
alcohol and so and so therefore the
46:09
liquor of you have to attack the liquor
46:10
lobby associate workers of course will
46:12
in favor of abolishing the saloon is
46:14
give you agrees a great quote from a
46:16
prominent social worker Paul Benjamin
46:17
wrote the survey magazine which is one
46:20
of the big progressive publications
46:22
in 1915 he said abolish the saloon quote
46:25
and the task of Americanizing the
46:28
conglomerate fallen population be
46:30
lightened by 50% uncle in other words
46:32
America is even making good products
46:35
inside of them what I really advanced it
46:37
so again it’s all part of the same same
46:39
sort of shtick and as the the war begins
46:44
the constant as a world war one begins
46:46
to loom in America begins to join the
46:48
war effort anti German hysteria becomes
46:50
part of the argument for prohibition as
46:53
we’ll see later the one of the one of
46:59
the great quotes was that the biggest
47:01
German agents in this country the most
47:03
important German agents are not spies
47:05
but their names are Schlitz Busch
47:08
budweis whatever Pabst Miller in other
47:11
words the German Brewers or subverting
47:13
American boys like saluting them wolf by
47:16
purpose Franklin with beer the
47:18
anti-saloon League said quote the German
47:21
Brewers in this country have rendered
47:22
thousands of men inefficient that’s
47:24
crippling the Republican it’s war
47:25
against Russian militarism so another
47:30
words the war the entry to rule wants
47:31
supply the final push over the pump the
47:34
anti German hysteria and therefore the
47:36
anti beer it’s very along with it
47:37
provided the opportunity to get to for
47:39
the Democratic Party to impose probation
47:41
notice as we’ll see Wilson by this kind
47:44
of question is a progressive and and
47:47
oddly enough coefficient company and I
47:50
face the Democratic maneuver during
47:53
World War one actually comes
47:56
excuse was American boys American
47:58
soldiers have to be protected from
47:59
liquor and so Mike first thing they sort
48:03
of made all bars off limits and so forth
48:06
then they saw well the best way to do
48:07
with eliminating liquor altogether by
48:08
outlawing it and making it
48:09
unconstitutional so then as a result of
48:12
World War one liquor becomes with a kind
48:14
of the same thing a constitutional
48:15
amendment saying old liquor without law
48:18
both the possession and the sale and
48:20
production of liquor becomes
48:21
unconstitutional and it’s incredible it
48:23
could even be a constitutional amendment
48:24
that’s the way it was as a result of
48:26
World War one the one prohibitionist
48:29
said yeah this is the quote we have
48:31
German enemies in this country too and
48:34
well the worst of all German
48:35
he’s the most treacherous most menacing
48:38
are packed Schlitz blacks and Miller
48:40
these little beer for the big beer
48:42
manufacturers generally the medical
48:46
profession was free until the late 19th
48:49
century in 1900 and the Jacksonian perry
48:55
which was a real free-market pair united
48:56
states the 1830s 1840s 1850s all
48:59
licensing was eliminated almost every
49:01
profession including medical medicine
49:04
the American Medical Association which
49:07
isn’t always has been the the guild or
49:10
the Union of physicians put through a
49:15
medical licensing law in 1847 excuse me
49:20
they founded AMA in 1847 and they put
49:23
through a method licensing wall around
49:24
the 1860 but doesn’t really take it’s
49:27
too easy to avoid it and there’s no real
49:30
enforcement so he could just get a
49:33
license for 10 bucks or something so the
49:35
American Medical Association had as its
49:37
goal found at 1847 to cartelized a
49:44
medical profession in other words to
49:45
kick out a licensed medical schools and
49:48
hospitals and restrict the supply of
49:51
doctors so I think reached their income
49:53
very simple though would you you take
49:54
the shipment supply to the left reduce
49:58
the number of doctors and thereby
50:00
increasing their prices they can charge
50:05
they realized the medical school of the
50:07
Keoghan if you can license medical
50:08
schools and keep kicking medical schools
50:11
out of business cut the supply in half
50:12
in medical school
50:14
you can then of course restrict as a
50:15
future doctor younger doctors coming up
50:19
most of these licenses true in medicine
50:22
to one of the criteria you can tell
50:25
about whether license is pushed in or
50:27
the help the public as opposed to be the
50:29
arguments always a general welfare the
50:31
common good requires worthy
50:33
professionals engineers doctors
50:35
photographers barbers whatever license
50:37
of occupation happens to be but the key
50:39
thing here is in every situation where
50:42
the restriction is put on an entry in
50:44
the profession the existing people in
50:46
the profession are exempt so-called
50:48
grandfather
50:49
grandfathering in other words the
50:51
missing people are grandfathered in the
50:55
barbering occupation for example every
50:58
10 or 20 years they’ve put more
51:00
restrictions on them
51:01
nothing supply it on this on a supply of
51:03
barber they say in order to be a barber
51:05
you have to have four years of barber
51:07
school they have to pass a course in
51:09
history a history of barbering and the
51:11
ethics of barbering have to be a citizen
51:13
you have to be 19 21 years ago I keep
51:15
raising the age you keep you have to be
51:18
citizen raising educational acquirements
51:20
for barbering all this exempt these just
51:22
think people in other words what they’ll
51:23
say is every new person coming in at
51:25
that four years of more education exist
51:27
think people can get along with usual
51:29
two years in that way the existing
51:31
people are grandfathered into the eyes
51:33
of the profession and new people are
51:35
kicked out kept out so the fact that the
51:38
universal fact of grandfathering
51:40
demonstrates that the purpose of
51:42
Licensing is there for cartel purposes
51:45
to restrict the entering the profession
51:46
rather than and increase the income of
51:49
the existing people rather than helping
51:50
the public so when from 1847 to 1910 the
51:55
American Medical Association was
51:57
lobbying for this sort of restriction in
51:59
fact for a long time they wanted
52:00
licensed psychologists they stole
52:01
there’s a consonant few between doctors
52:04
and psychologists and then doctors are
52:07
trying to get psychologists all
52:08
psychologists who are not don’t have MDS
52:11
kicked out was the clay to illegal and
52:13
they haven’t been able to do it because
52:15
the competing lobbying is a psychologist
52:16
but there’s always been an attempt to do
52:18
that
52:18
William James the famous philosopher and
52:21
psychologist almost kicked out of the
52:23
profession with almost bummed-out of
52:26
Medicine excuse me for being in favor of
52:27
non-medical it’s like hung legal the
52:30
legalizing or just commit legally permit
52:33
non licensed non non doctor psychologist
52:36
even though he himself was a physician
52:38
he’s almost kicked out of Medicine for
52:40
this heresy
52:43
well finally what happens is the
52:45
American AMA sucks up a council on
52:47
medical education right you know for and
52:50
it gets gets in with a Carnegie
52:52
Foundation and Carnegie Foundation of
52:55
advancement of teaching also allied
52:58
whether it was the Rockefeller
52:59
Foundation and one of the thing
53:02
one of the things that happens as the
53:04
early 20th century is that people like
53:06
Carnegie and Rockefeller begin to set up
53:07
foundations allegedly for impartial
53:10
scientific research actually these
53:13
foundations first plays are a tax dodge
53:15
in other words you’ll have to pay time
53:16
they’re tax exempt so you don’t have to
53:19
pay inheritance taxes if you give your
53:20
money to the foundation and also you
53:23
control it so the Rockefeller Foundation
53:25
funds for example the Carnegie
53:26
Foundation funds can be invested in
53:28
Santa the whale or whatever the company
53:30
is in both the right way so so that’s
53:33
one one one purpose of foundation is to
53:37
be able to keep your capital and growth
53:39
the right book both of those book the
53:41
correct ways of seeing and other ones
53:43
pursue certain purposes which we down to
53:45
the benefit of the profits the
53:47
profitability of the corporation or the
53:49
tycoon promoting a foundation so that’s
53:55
one one thing another thing is actually
53:56
they use the funds for purposes which we
53:58
down to the profit of the of only from
54:00
the donor I don’t know if I mentioned in
54:02
low banking or the Health Department
54:04
caper meaning why the key there are the
54:07
sum it up very quickly in the 1930s most
54:13
of the milk in New York City with sold
54:14
by farmers in the penis’ formers and big
54:17
cans and then they maybe they were
54:19
grocery stores in those days not
54:20
supermarket so you go to the grocery
54:21
store with your bottle and they they
54:24
take that they dip the milk from the
54:26
cannibal into your bottle there was
54:29
packaged milk from bottled milk in those
54:31
days not cart and so by Borden and
54:33
Sheffield it was the two major of milk
54:35
company all the rest was loose milk sold
54:38
at about half the price while comes with
54:40
impression people turn more and more to
54:42
loosen other they couldn’t afford the
54:43
bottle of milk so the ordinance
54:47
Sheffield with two major milk companies
54:49
turning the New York City Health
54:51
Department and they get the healthy form
54:52
of the outlaw milk Lucinda basin safety
54:55
with no evidence and the New York City
55:00
Health Department set up a commission
55:01
allegedly impartial scientific
55:03
commission to study the question of
55:05
whether or not loose know that unsafe
55:07
and the impartial scientists consist of
55:10
a couple of guys from health department
55:12
the rest of them are all from the
55:13
Milbank’s fund a couple guys from Chevy
55:16
vice president Sheffield vice president
55:17
of Orden and four or five guys with no
55:19
Bank fun okay the impartial committee
55:24
that’s a three month investigation
55:26
conclusive blue smoke was unsafe and
55:29
that’s it and the former the saying is
55:30
no evidence and besides the only
55:32
possible problem might be there’s a
55:33
dipper you dip the milk is not sterile
55:35
and we’re working on a sterile dipper so
55:38
there’ll be no problem whatsoever
55:39
dipper dipped in milk from the Canada
55:41
the bomb will be sterile and two months
55:43
we’ll have a sterile dip on the health
55:44
of our side sorry too late
55:46
you’re now a illegal from then on loosen
55:48
up with the clarity and legal supply a
55:50
milk which cut in half the price double
55:53
people starving all that and Sheffield
55:56
on board and benefited every state has a
55:58
milk cartel which restricts production
56:01
and raising prices former some claims
56:03
from the mid-1930s are three or four
56:05
years after this new york state
56:06
government passing look look act which
56:10
got the farmers into the into the
56:11
monopolies in other words they each farm
56:13
now has a goal of a maximum quota of
56:16
milk they can produce they sell out to a
56:18
milk board and you know new york state
56:19
move forward parcel around those are
56:21
than the high price in other words
56:23
basically what happened was a sheffield
56:24
and board and sheer the monopoly profits
56:26
with the former’s
56:27
but shut the farmers opera corporate
56:29
consumers is called suffering the humors
56:32
love to pay a lot more for less milk
56:34
there’s also it’s very difficult you
56:36
can’t sell milk from tanks you can’t buy
56:38
new jersey milk in New York even let’s
56:40
ride across the river because of the
56:41
MOOC milk protectionism so to speak and
56:44
so the result is a fantastic cartel a
56:47
compulsively carnal ization of milk
56:48
market and by the way i just happened
56:51
recently the million a million dairy
56:53
cows and some dairy industry still
56:56
thinks of the prices are too low and so
56:59
federal government’s compelling a
57:02
slaughter of a million dairy cows it’s
57:04
like vassals to cut the production of
57:05
milk and raise the price and the cattle
57:08
man of belly aching to the cattle
57:10
farmers now finality is that killing
57:13
dairy cows is selling it from me this
57:15
means there’s more competition of meat
57:16
industry so the meat prices are falling
57:18
and i’m trying to get the program to
57:19
stop killing of their egg house for
57:21
their own on their own hooks but of
57:23
course nobody cares about the consumer i
57:24
mean that outrageous a million dairy
57:26
cows are being slaughtered to drive up
57:29
the piper
57:29
and nobody’s complaining with the
57:31
so-called free market government all
57:33
right so then anyways but what happens
57:35
is the the punchline here is that the
57:36
Milbank fun who is the Milbank’s also a
57:39
little banks fun every New York City
57:42
Health Commissioner and Assistant
57:43
Commissioner of Milbank Fong people in
57:45
other words the the pattern was he
57:48
becomes vice president Liu bang fun you
57:49
then become chairman New York City
57:50
Health Commissioner her for a year or
57:53
three years ago back at President
57:54
Obama’s or revolving door set up in
57:57
bovine economist New York City Health
57:58
Department and I gave this lecture on
58:02
health and medicine and the market the
58:05
Mount Sinai Medical School people like
58:07
10 years ago
58:08
I didn’t get to the example of the
58:11
Milbank’s fun and I told the kids who
58:14
buy me up Indiana has great example I
58:15
calling the story and you haven’t heard
58:17
the punchline yet anyway
58:18
tell them the story insanity professor
58:20
I’m glad you didn’t mention it I said
58:21
why not
58:22
it’s like of every member of the
58:23
community health department announced on
58:25
is on a payroll of the mind fun every
58:26
one of them right now like 10 years ago
58:28
but there’s only is filling this is the
58:30
move icons are very powerful influence
58:32
on New York City Health who is a bull
58:34
Bank on little bikes Jeremiah Milbank a
58:36
founder is the owner of the Borden
58:38
company and all the money funds
58:39
investment support from the Morton
58:41
company you have in other words a
58:43
beautiful tie in between Borden milk
58:45
company and and the Milbank funnily and
58:47
running New York City Health another
58:49
quote impartial not scientific value
58:52
free men are unquote
58:53
such as the racket under which we are
58:55
suffering here anyway so this is so when
59:00
the medical report what happens the
59:02
corny go back to 1910 the Carnegie and
59:04
Rockefeller Foundation set up a
59:06
committee along with the AMA the AMA
59:10
really running it to investigate medical
59:12
education in the United States
59:14
Abraham Flexner the point of the head of
59:19
the was make the studies reported issue
59:25
in 1910 was called a Flexner report it
59:28
was really written by his – the AMA and
59:31
Cole wells at his elbow
59:33
volume with the doom and Flexner he’s if
59:35
anything he visits every medical school
59:37
in the United States he spent like three
59:39
days in each medical school you know he
59:40
was not a physician
59:42
outside is a very well-qualified booth
59:44
oath there’s no anything about medicine
59:46
there’s no much about education I think
59:48
he was a high school prep school teacher
59:51
and social science is something the
59:53
question is why did he why was he
59:54
appointed Abraham Flexner what was his
59:58
qualification for this high post and by
60:00
the way the recommendation was that the
60:02
two many medical schools United States
60:04
is half of them should be put out of
60:05
business they should be licensed by each
60:07
state which you then appoint a board
60:10
which should give the power of the
60:12
American Medical Association to appoint
60:13
the Board of Examiners which examine
60:15
every only doctor but every Medical
60:17
School every hospital and decide whether
60:19
they should stay in business this was
60:21
done and within a year or two every
60:23
state in the Union has modeled bill
60:26
reorganized the medical profession to do
60:28
this gave the Medical Association of
60:31
power of put hospitals and medical
60:33
schools out of business and they
60:34
promptly put half the schools United
60:35
States out of business literally half
60:36
there were 116 medical schools 1906 of
60:42
these there were 82 left by 1912 and
60:45
they were all put out of business by by
60:47
the state government law regulations
60:50
engineer about a Flexner report flexure
60:54
said as an oversupply of doctors what
60:56
does that mean oh that’s why means with
60:57
too many doctors for the income they’d
60:58
like to get too many doctors per person
61:01
every doctors are not not well-off
61:03
enough therefore we should cut the
61:04
supply and higher quality quote unquote
61:07
medical education and raise their income
61:10
X and that’s that’s compulsory Kartal is
61:13
a ssin of course the raises cost
61:18
something he didn’t talk him back
61:20
so Flexner what was like this
61:21
qualification the only qualification i
61:23
could see what he was a brother about
61:24
the assignment Flexner was the head
61:27
physician or whatever they were
61:29
Rockefeller Institute of medical
61:30
research so here’s the guy who’s
61:32
responsible for putting half the Medical
61:34
School in country out of business he’s
61:35
neither a physician nor an educator the
61:37
only Caucasian was he was in with the
61:38
AMA brother was head of the Rockefeller
61:41
Institute so in response to this there
61:49
were as I say 162 Medical School 1906
61:51
and they kept progressively putting
61:53
school’s out of business until 1944 the
61:55
69 medical schools and each medical
61:58
school was get tighter and tighter the
62:01
number of medical students have pushed
62:02
to the left their income those who will
62:04
make it go up the way he put it was
62:07
flexion Erica
62:08
one of the one of the great statements
62:10
on Flexner the law that protects the
62:13
public and the unpaid doctor should
62:14
unfairness protect the student at the
62:16
unfit school they put detecting a
62:19
student ID file now and I like letting
62:21
allowing any school result now when yet
62:24
whenever you have monopolist or
62:26
cartellis they will use their power to
62:28
crush their competition competition
62:31
means people they don’t like example if
62:32
you have price control you have run
62:34
control you’ll have the landlord takes
62:35
over housing he’s got 100 applicants for
62:37
every apartment you will then choose if
62:39
you can’t raise the rents to choosing
62:41
some other basis I mean people you like
62:43
brother-in-law will get there and
62:45
brother or brother-in-law will get
62:46
favorite thing is favored race he
62:48
doesn’t like a certain rate will keep
62:49
them out other was the producer then
62:50
takes over from the consumer and racial
62:53
discrimination religion discrimination
62:54
and takes over same thing happen a
62:56
medicine the as the Medical Corps tell
62:59
us took over and use the government that
63:01
cartilage the medical profession it uses
63:03
the power systematically put out of
63:05
business every medical school there were
63:07
several black medical schools or will
63:08
put out a business being allegedly below
63:10
car so many women medical students they
63:13
were put out of business those women
63:15
doctors were pressing and Jewish doctors
63:17
are kicked out in other words if you had
63:18
of medical schools which systematically
63:20
then excluded women Blacks and Jews from
63:23
medical profession
63:25
yeah cases many cases of bright young
63:28
students who couldn’t get into medical
63:29
school not because they weren’t qualify
63:31
because there weren’t any places left
63:32
network quotas against their right
63:33
religion and race they had to go to
63:35
Switzerland uh somewhere and I got the
63:37
degree there and trying to get coming to
63:38
the foreign doctor so it’s full of Tesco
63:41
going on I was bad he used to bake if
63:43
there’s much more things of loosen up
63:44
the last ten years this stuff more
63:47
competition medical profession but that
63:51
was the that was a situation and they
63:54
put out a business systematically blank
63:56
medical schools I say and also medical
63:58
schools are competing therapies with
64:00
perks of therapy which didn’t fit into
64:02
the Orthodox mold for example those days
64:07
the
64:09
medical therapy was called allopathy I
64:11
won’t have which well in the old or the
64:17
basic theory of course of all off of
64:18
these that diseases or country be
64:20
combatted by massive doses of synthetic
64:22
drugs killed Lee the germs and this
64:25
course is very expensive drugs are
64:28
expressible also a la piscine before
64:30
that they all pass the basic therapy
64:34
consists of a purging which means
64:38
massive poisons you take the guy in
64:41
Pergamum actually the massive doses of
64:42
arsenic and Mercury things like that
64:44
which can usually kill the patient
64:46
we worth your life to go to a doctor and
64:47
pull a bat the interesting thing among
64:49
medical historians was when does a
64:51
break-even point come I was at what
64:52
point that it’s there was a doctors cure
64:56
more people when they killed and even
64:58
Orthodox medicine than reason well
65:00
before they say before 1920 what’s the
65:02
hell of an admission here’s a medical
65:04
profession the same sort of people were
65:06
dominant
65:07
it’s now agree they killed more people
65:08
thank you are they what they did it they
65:10
purchase Allah masters they bled them
65:11
with leeches they prison with arsenic
65:14
and things like that and the rest of it
65:17
was surgery and so this they killed many
65:19
people so and then came massive doses to
65:23
say go and according to dr. McComb I
65:30
think is a my father top medical story
65:32
and he claims the break-even point came
65:33
in late 1930s with sulfa drugs and
65:35
penicillin which really then began to
65:37
cure people we find by killing you
65:39
before that you really was worth your
65:42
life to go to a doctor so that at any
65:45
rate there was a la piscine the other
65:46
competing theory para being those days
65:48
is about once there is a medical
65:49
profession of homeopathy and that’s what
65:54
my guy named Hina mana in Germany
65:56
homeopathy is still great prominent in
65:58
Western Europe it’s now essentially
66:01
illegal in our face because all they
66:02
homeopathic schools every one of them
66:03
will put on a business after reflection
66:05
report no as soon as the AMA which hated
66:07
homeopathy took over AMA be LLL pass
66:11
right now I’ll offer fee is medicine
66:13
makes when you talk about medicine
66:15
telepathy homeopathic will put out of
66:18
business and the only homeopath an hour
66:21
either european or old one
66:22
old guys over 80 who stole my phone
66:24
medical school before 1950 1910 so
66:28
friend of mine what so elderly homeopath
66:31
was cured of diabetes he was taking
66:33
insulin and their homie patched up while
66:35
I said that you take this little herb
66:36
and this is take very mind you doses of
66:39
natural herbs that’s the only appalling
66:41
doctrine and he said you take a teeny
66:43
dose so this is a five year supply plus
66:45
my three bucks five year supply of
66:47
natural herb and I throw away an insulin
66:49
he didn’t a great shave ever since I’m
66:51
not endorsing this carbon simply saying
66:53
the consumer can either like to choose
66:55
so homeopathy is now basically illegal
66:56
also other cures other suggested Q
66:59
Andrew legal cancer alleged cancer cures
67:02
as it’s Romanian utterly Romanian dr.
67:05
lovable characters means license being
67:07
removed which mean you can’t practice
67:08
medicine anymore on the New York state
67:10
government they claim his cancer cures
67:12
are not quote not effective on quote
67:14
doesn’t fit either they all say he’s
67:15
harming they say they’re not effective
67:17
well the patients think there are
67:18
effective papers on television crying
67:20
with a that’s guys keeping them alive
67:22
they can’t practice anymore because the
67:24
New York State Medicine medical
67:26
authorities with me or state government
67:28
claim that it’s not effective how do
67:30
they know it’s not effect we’ve Holloway
67:32
not God but anyway that’s the way it
67:34
preventing so they’re outlawing alleged
67:35
cancer you laetrile you have to go to
67:37
Mexico to get laetrile you have to go to
67:39
and most people only go to so-called
67:42
crackpot
67:43
medicine when there’s an orthodox that
67:44
doesn’t says you can’t help you anymore
67:45
either half dead when they get to the
67:47
east and they’re often helped quite a
67:49
bit so i say i’m not endorsing any or
67:52
any of these things simply saying that
67:53
consumers have a right to choose should
67:55
not be these things not being illegal so
67:58
and many things which are illegal which
68:01
are illegal illegal in western europe an
68:03
illegal here although some things are
68:04
illegal in western europe an illegal
68:06
here for example an emperor you can’t
68:07
get em for investing your about a
68:09
prescription then propose be dangerous
68:11
here so over the counter oh by the way a
68:14
subscription business another racket
68:16
because it means you can’t in order to
68:18
get it by a drug you have to get a
68:19
prescription you have to go to a
68:20
licensed pharmacist and you have to go
68:23
to a licensed doctor to get the
68:24
prescription so lab so you have a the
68:27
fact that my mom one of my one of my
68:29
physicians my go to is essentially what
68:30
he really is a paid prescription writer
68:33
in other words you what prescription you
68:35
want in full
68:36
Matt so he performs an important service
68:38
he only has pretty expensive they have
68:43
to go through this kind of do it so run
68:48
so the interesting thing here about this
68:51
about this or thoughts medicine is that
68:54
is it who is the the PI up it’s like a
68:57
kind of a Milbank fund the Rockefellers
69:00
Rockefeller Foundation climbing and
69:02
flexor not horses you know the research
69:04
of the main do the brain researchers
69:07
instead of drugs in other words first
69:08
the Rockefeller people get homeopathy
69:10
out one so I’ll opposite becomes the
69:13
only legal medicine in order to have a
69:16
lot they have to have synthetic drugs
69:17
very expensive Rockefeller Institute
69:19
pushes synthetic drug research and I
69:21
walk up our family here’s the punchline
69:23
Rockefeller family is heavily invested
69:25
in drug companies in other words do you
69:27
have it seen here the situation you have
69:28
installing will a drug company hello
69:31
would you have a situation with one wing
69:32
of a Rockefeller Empire wonderful
69:34
foundation the name of quote science
69:36
unquote gets all competitors who Alaba
69:39
the outlawed ones in hospitals medical
69:42
schools ever get the competitors out and
69:44
then that only synthetic drugs become
69:46
viable become legal and then they make
69:50
profits out of synthetic drugs to the
69:51
waterfalls investments but a drug
69:53
company that’s the racket that’s the
69:55
basic stomach racket here that’s the way
69:58
the rock applause all the forces operate
70:01
so it’s a beautiful alliance I think
70:03
so-called value free science value free
70:05
medicine and the Rockefeller economic
70:07
interests and it’s still going on
70:11
basically this is the hole every time
70:13
and the thing is the thing which really
70:15
annoys me once more than anything else
70:16
is the argument they giving us people
70:18
like really Chi and people like Laird
70:19
things like laetrile is they don’t say
70:21
it’s harmful these so-called crackpot
70:23
therapy they say it wastes the cook of
70:25
the patients or consumers dollar
70:27
spends their money unnecessarily I mean
70:31
sprinklers a lot like goal he’s my damn
70:32
doctors were charging on almond a leg
70:34
because to worry about the consumers
70:35
pocketbook after they were pledging it
70:38
well they really worry about other
70:39
therapies are cheaper but also an
70:41
effective ineffective crackpot therapies
70:44
are always much cheaper than Orthodox
70:45
medical therapies humor to have a right
70:47
to be able to choose it
70:49
as my sermon for today so and so another
70:54
thing you have is with the metal one of
70:56
the things that the flexion report
70:58
didn’t swing enough it’s an outlaw
71:00
proprietary hospitals sure more LSE
71:03
legal could quite recently the in other
71:04
words the proprietary house a
71:06
proprietary hospital cannot be in
71:08
medical school
71:09
of course medical school become with PRP
71:10
hospitals they have unpaid exploited and
71:14
labor to intern that was like that so in
71:18
other words the only legitimate hospital
71:21
but has not proprietary one but uh but
71:23
it’s what’s known but especially
71:25
producers co-op with private proprietary
71:27
house when these is a profit-making
71:28
hospital why should a doctors who are
71:33
conservative and everything else why are
71:34
they against proprietary hospital why
71:36
should a explains they claim it somehow
71:37
evil will have a hospital that makes
71:38
money we’re saying doctors hospital
71:41
makes money most of the big hospitals a
71:43
non-profit making you know where they’re
71:45
owned by the trustees they get that
71:48
money from donations by wealthy
71:50
philanthropists and they’re run by the
71:52
doctors themselves it’s like it’s like
71:54
colleges colleges are run by trustee
71:56
outfit and nothing
71:58
faculty but essentially they’re not
72:00
owned by anybody they’re run by trustees
72:01
and therefore there’s no responsibility
72:02
of ownership you’re not to make a profit
72:04
going you don’t go bankrupt Yulin you’re
72:06
picking alone forever so that nearly is
72:08
efficient its profit-making outfits
72:10
well the result of this where hospitals
72:13
are basically not profiting but run by
72:16
trustees and by the doctors themselves
72:18
or doctors themselves take over they
72:19
seize power the result of this is the
72:23
hospital isn’t exactly bankrupt but
72:24
happens the doctors take over the
72:25
doctors push their own interests whether
72:27
their owners well high salary and also
72:29
sexy sexy equipment in other words
72:32
you’re a doctor you want to make a name
72:34
for yourself how do you make a name for
72:36
if they don’t go around treating poles
72:37
all right any every every schmuck has I
72:40
call it I think sexy about a cold sexy
72:43
is a rare disease only found on northern
72:45
New Guinea and you find you’re trying to
72:47
get your hospital have the only machine
72:49
in the world present billion dollar
72:50
machine the only machine who can cure
72:52
this disease I don’t what one person
72:54
gets every 100 years
72:55
this is exaggeration basically whether
72:56
that’s in other words also men compete
72:58
they over a load and very expensive
73:00
equipment the rare disease
73:02
they don’t and they forget about I try
73:04
to play down important common diseases
73:08
so in other words they get so the
73:10
interest then it’s not the interest of
73:12
the consumer of accounts or the org
73:14
that’s just their no owners neighbors
73:15
the doctors themself promoting their own
73:18
glory and so as there’s too much
73:21
equipment overuse of equipment
73:24
sophisticated equipment and its own safe
73:28
a high tech for its own sake of the
73:30
speed and forgetting about the patient
73:32
come laughing this whole motion you
73:34
don’t get they don’t get their income so
73:35
much from the patient I got their
73:36
incomes from donations from wealthy
73:38
philanthropists and of course now with
73:41
medical insurance with the 60 50 and 50
73:44
years Medicare and Blue Cross everything
73:46
you got almost nothing from the patients
73:48
the patients are guaranteed by insurance
73:51
companies they charge almost as much as
73:52
they want within limits
73:55
so the demand curve goes up way up and
73:57
was the supplies restricted by law the
74:01
main care goes way up to the push buying
74:02
government insurance proposals you wind
74:05
up with almost unlimited funds for the
74:06
doctors main hospital costs are enormous
74:08
compare what they used to be a big piece
74:09
by a hundred whole last ten years or so
74:11
it’s not because of inflation because of
74:13
the special the artificial increasing
74:16
demand by by the third-party insurance
74:18
but the government and restriction of
74:20
supply by government now this fish is
74:23
probably loosening up what happen is it
74:26
got so bad at people began to so-called
74:28
paramedics begin the comp comment on the
74:30
words people who are slightly illegal
74:33
power of paramedics that the doctors
74:35
become so scared to turn the nurses or
74:37
or para pipes and if people begin to
74:41
realize for example to get an injection
74:43
so you get a blood test or something if
74:45
you don’t what’s an ox doctor you have
74:47
to pay 18 or something from one lousy
74:48
injection doctors aren’t good injector
74:51
so they only give one injection a day or
74:53
something nurses are usually do it a lot
74:54
this is a much better an injection
74:57
they’re taking taking blood tests and
74:58
doctors are why should you have to pay a
75:00
high price pot when you can’t you can’t
75:02
you and you go to a low price nurse it’s
75:05
a more and more of is happening now
75:06
where people with paramedics come in and
75:08
we’re mature specialized in a certain
75:09
area and a much cheaper and B if I’m
75:12
able now compete a lot of this has
75:14
brought a lot of also less
75:16
so they’ve been a healthy reevaluation
75:18
of the medical profession we’re gonna
75:20
realize they’re not they’re not the vine
75:21
and I God I have got God from water that
75:25
people like everybody else in fact
75:26
slightly worse is they got a government
75:27
monopoly behind them and so therefore it
75:29
should be looked at with a cold and
75:31
sober eye and the whole idea people
75:34
really should run their own bodies or
75:35
not the doctors and those was coming
75:37
becoming is Allah for us is very
75:39
helpfully Houston system good reaction
75:41
against the usual for riparian
75:43
submission of your life isn’t for the
75:45
doctor anyway so the so the punchline
75:48
here is the Rockefeller Institute
75:50
Rockefeller family benefits anesthetic
75:52
drug investments through pushing a lotta
75:55
the–and outline competing therapies and
76:01
similar in addition this we have i took
76:04
about prohibition we have the purity
76:06
movement the idea of purity remember I
76:08
talked about the dr. wily’s obsession
76:10
with purity purity comes in now as a
76:13
combination just like prohibitions a
76:16
combination of alleged value free
76:17
science and biases values life should be
76:21
purified prostitution should be outlawed
76:23
the whole item there was no generally
76:25
before about 1900 before the Progressive
76:27
Era prostitutes were there all of time
76:29
anyway I’ve never been eliminated so the
76:30
if anything they were sort of pushed put
76:33
into a red-light district so they were
76:34
sort of sort of an invisible area and
76:37
regulated and so forth and what happens
76:39
in a market situation you have it’s
76:42
important to have brand names of
76:43
prostitution is the individual
76:45
prostitute sort of shifting high
76:47
turnover in a positive profession and so
76:50
if you have brand names like Madam’s
76:51
they supply a brand name for the
76:54
customers
76:54
well the Progressive Era has several of
76:57
pack up prostitution through purity who
76:59
piasa spirity and through progressive
77:02
upper-class wasp alleged science and
77:06
they consider to be center of the
77:07
disease and so forth so Constitution has
77:08
been illegal impurity driving as
77:10
prostitutes in every city as a result
77:12
that brothels were eliminated or
77:14
outlawed and the girls were driven onto
77:16
the streets we have no quality control
77:17
whatsoever but then these of course
77:19
increases because there’s no madam
77:20
saying I guarantee the purity or
77:23
healthily girls so though the problem
77:26
became worse but they didn’t
77:27
progressives don’t care about that so
77:29
what you
77:29
anti-prostitution movie had the burger
77:31
quietest doctors progressive doctors
77:34
plus social hygienists and mice
77:40
Commission’s reformers urban reformers
77:43
the whole gang all these people have
77:44
been talking about uniting me and things
77:46
like this the a pen 1911 one of the
77:52
progressive guy the federal government
77:54
passed the Mann Act which outlaws
77:56
transporting women across state lines
77:58
for immoral purposes it’s really
78:02
enforced tough to enforce it but every
78:04
once awhile forth these things are
78:05
enforced and accordions view was it
78:10
might be true that this was passed by
78:11
the envious farmers who didn’t have any
78:13
cars they were stuck to the hay rock
78:15
because in other words farmers transport
78:18
girls only within a state like they they
78:20
only have hay hay wagons so they didn’t
78:22
have or ‘mobile there’s an attack fight
78:25
by crummy farmers against envyus of
78:27
their urban competitors urban urban
78:29
types you can drive across the state so
78:31
then one of the crush things there
78:33
wasn’t really an attacking immoralities
78:34
in fact i morality cross state line so
78:39
who knows it might be right but there
78:42
hasn’t been hasn’t studied enough the
78:43
whole man a vegetation should be
78:44
studying this revisionist point of view
78:47
there’s a social hygiene movement which
78:50
is part of this whole thing which
78:52
combines all the people we meal of here
78:54
those biases value-free physicians
78:57
value-free scientists the whole stew of
79:00
these characters all of whom – stamp out
79:03
also the idea we can stamp our
79:04
prostitution as well as in stamp out
79:06
liquor you will improve the walls or the
79:08
masses and work harder and I become more
79:10
cleaner and more and then all the rest
79:12
of it both wasp and of course the theory
79:19
was that again they were taking ethnic
79:20
theory or there’s no wash possibly of
79:22
course is that correct I mean was part
79:24
of a whole the whole struggle between
79:27
these groups and the same guys pop up by
79:33
the way I mean that for example when I
79:35
was growing up dr. Raymond Fosdick was
79:38
beloved there were certain people were
79:40
beloved my beloved I mean people beloved
79:42
in
79:43
New York Times Washington Post CBS Time
79:47
magazine and one of them is dr. Raymond
79:49
Fosdick who pops up everywhere he was he
79:53
was a Rockefeller Foundation position
79:55
head of the American Social Hygiene
79:57
Association of stamp our prostitution
79:59
he’s everywhere he’s also I think the
80:01
brother of dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick
80:02
quietest minister a guru side Church
80:06
he’s also president of lock up all our
80:09
foundation and these people are
80:10
everywhere the sort of the whole network
80:12
the official biographer john d
80:15
rockefeller jr. Johnny Rockefeller jr.
80:20
by the way to the following thing he’s
80:22
the only son of John D’s senior he set
80:26
up the Bureau of Social Hygiene in 1911
80:27
the stamp outs in stamp out prostitution
80:31
or everything else
80:32
pornography etc put in five million
80:34
dollars for so-called scientific social
80:36
reform he wanted to stamp out liquor and
80:40
put I have a prohibition movement he
80:42
sent he said Flexner he sponsored flex
80:47
earnings report flexion report also sent
80:49
flexion in Europe defined stamp out sin
80:53
in Europe he he also set up
80:57
he’s got Fosdick sort of mr. Rockefeller
81:01
know the frogs all in a social field
81:03
that’s positive to up investigate have a
81:07
scientific police system helping set up
81:09
the FBI getting files on everybody this
81:12
is part of course of the eye of
81:14
scientist reform in other words these
81:16
portal things you do is you have
81:18
fingerprints is every line of files
81:20
every byte they make sure you can
81:21
regulate people also you helped set up
81:24
the federal drug policy the whole with
81:25
whole multi-billion dollar war on drugs
81:27
was going on well he starts around world
81:29
war one before it it’s not for john d
81:31
rockefeller jr. and the lady of stamping
81:35
out drugs by the way and one interesting
81:40
thing is it was so the appointed was so
81:41
anti-liquor that they were promoting the
81:43
idea of taking cocaine in order to stop
81:45
liquor you know these have anything
81:47
better than liquor purpose add it to the
81:49
shifted Reese’s like we see here also
81:57
favor all these guys are favor of
81:58
stamping out pornography and having
81:59
censorship and making sure everything is
82:01
all well press and all publications
82:04
immoral and sucker except you can
82:06
imagine how you who decide what’s more
82:08
or not another can of worms so all this
82:12
really comes in the progressive period
82:13
and in progressive period during World
82:16
War one we’ll get to a little later
82:18
World War one clerk the act the
82:19
culmination Wallis stuff they outlaw in
82:22
order to save American boys from liquor
82:23
they outlawed liquor with prostitution
82:26
prohibition comes in World War one to
82:28
save American soldiers from liquor the
82:30
same way that stamping out the brothels
82:32
in order stamp save American soldiers
82:34
from sin starting on the famous federal
82:37
government seizure and eradication story
82:41
ago famous New Orleans red-light
82:43
district and the closing down of story
82:46
ago by the federal troops World War one
82:49
the in all this as I say was backed by
82:56
scientific value for doctors and Piatt
82:58
Testaments whole was whole Alliance
82:59
which culminates in the Progressive
83:01
Party will see 1912 what happened at the
83:05
two terms of Theodore Roosevelt 1908 his
83:10
successor William Howard Taft open the
83:12
judge Supreme Court judge in the
83:13
Secretary of War the old pal of Rhodes
83:16
votes and one of these things to be
83:18
passed on something your successors
83:19
often happens in life by the way in
83:20
business and unions for example David
83:23
Dubinski was a beloved head of the
83:25
American International ladies garment
83:26
workers union about 60 years the union
83:29
movement once apart union president
83:31
always the union president famous motto
83:32
and labor union movement any right so
83:34
the listing was he finally retire the
83:36
age of 70 passed on the chairmanship his
83:39
old buddy and right-hand man Louis
83:40
Stolberg and he expected scoobert would
83:43
be his shadow in other words he would
83:45
issue orders from the requirement home
83:47
school where would follow up cool Bart’s
83:49
thought wrong school gonna want to do
83:51
something on his own it immediately
83:52
better clash with him and Dubinski a
83:54
couple of years or wouldn’t speak to
83:56
each other of battling and so forth and
83:57
so on so but pass gets in as president
84:00
1908
84:03
I guess they forgot that he’s a higher
84:05
Republican as a higher Republican he’s
84:08
essentially in a rockefeller camp
84:10
and he starts a savage bitter attack on
84:14
the Morgans in other words as and
84:17
they’re essentially it was a Rockefeller
84:18
retaliation for the Morgans savage
84:21
attack by Teddy Roosevelt that’s all you
84:23
have and we’ll get next time I’m going
84:24
to the tap tap cabinet etc but we have
84:28
then half rolling out the antitrust arm
84:32
finally antitrust suits like mad against
84:34
the Morgans against International
84:35
Harvester and US Steel they didn’t
84:38
succeed but it’s a bitter fight in other
84:40
words here’s Teddy Roosevelt a Morgan
84:43
person kind of smash down of the oil
84:46
Pakistan at oil and here’s passed as a
84:49
response with retaliation for this going
84:51
after the Morgan trust and it was on
84:55
that basis because perhaps being anti
84:56
Morgan ie Roosevelt broke with him Teddy
84:58
Rosen a frog on safari or something and
85:00
he says he’s writing letters back a
85:01
stove a lot of things half as evil as
85:03
monstery he’s crushing poor Morgan and
85:06
that face is Teddy Roosevelt breaks with
85:07
Morgan on the Morgan’s then beside the
85:10
punished a forever in other words
85:11
destroy the Republican Party temporarily
85:13
in order to crush happen for benefit we
85:16
elected in 1912 so after the election
85:20
linking told the Morgans create a new
85:22
party a new third party a very powerful
85:24
third party for the piece for a short
85:27
period of time the Progressive Party and
85:29
in the Progressive Party we company all
85:31
the progressive aspects recipe party was
85:34
still with almost a lot of our upper
85:37
class wasps they were all there Morgan
85:39
people there were social workers or Jane
85:41
Addams all these people have been
85:42
talking bad
85:43
my least favorite people in the world
85:45
collecting on the Progressive Party
85:47
hiatus him singers so-called Vanya free
85:51
scientists physicians shrinks social
85:54
workers the whole and the Progressive
85:56
Party also by the way women’s suffrage
85:58
remember I said that women’s suffrage
85:59
was essentially a client if maneuver to
86:01
beat out the ethnics women delegates
86:04
through women delegates the Progressive
86:05
Party convention I can call for the
86:07
first time in history of American
86:08
politics and women dozen for women’s
86:10
suffrage this comes only 1920 in the
86:13
federal level they women don’t know a
86:15
lot of women delegates and the New York
86:17
Times which was a democratic newspaper
86:19
those days Progressive Party met in 1912
86:22
in New York City
86:24
and they said I couldn’t believe it I
86:25
reported on it I said this is not this
86:29
is not like a political convention it’s
86:30
like a religious revival meeting indeed
86:32
it was Teddy Roosevelt giving an address
86:34
to the inaugural address or whatever
86:36
keynote address the Progressive Party
86:37
convention he’s using religious
86:39
scientists phraseology he talks about
86:42
its final his famous climactic the end
86:45
he says we stand at all mageddon and we
86:48
battle for the Lord in other words this
86:50
is Armageddon that was the election of
86:51
1912 of them and jeden and and all
86:54
throughout the his speech was punctuated
86:57
with amens from the floor and pin
86:59
singing or costly breaking into him they
87:01
sang a hymn we will follow follow follow
87:03
Roosevelt substituting where Roosevelt
87:05
for Jesus him so the whole thing with a
87:09
hymn singing revival a revival meaning
87:11
rather than a Orthodox beloved mentioned
87:14
the recipe arrived present point is
87:16
created by the morgan interest the head
87:18
of the progressive party secretary
87:20
treasurer the guy really ran it was none
87:22
of their old old pal george w perkins
87:24
morgan partner rings Teddy Rosa
87:27
retirement uses all these crackpots
87:30
technocrats and then scientists the
87:33
smash tech pack bring back Roosevelt the
87:35
one against past and destroy pass room
87:38
and I’ll H what she did that’ll be
87:39
election half of nominee of our
87:41
Republican Party Teddy Roosevelt made a
87:43
progressive party Teddy Roosevelt moral
87:45
more votes than past did

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